First Aid Management of a Diabetic Emergency

In November 2017 the Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation (ANZCOR) issued a revised guideline (ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.9) on First aid management of a diabetic emergency.

The guideline applies to adult and child victims and is for bystanders, first aiders and first aid providers.

ANZCOR has made the following recommendations:

  • When available, and trained to do so, use a blood glucometer to check the victim’s blood glucose level.
  • When available, glucose tablets are preferred over other sugars for the first aid management of suspected hypoglycaemia in conscious victims.
  • When available, and trained to do so, use GlucaGen ® HypoKit ® glucagon injection to manage suspected hypoglycaemia in an unconscious or seizing victim.

If unsure of the blood glucose, manage the victim as having suspected hypoglycaemia.